Regional capital , covers an area almost entirely flat along the coast and only a few strokes climbs on the Murgia of Bari . The shape of the city resembles a bird with outstretched wings whose head forms the core of Bari Vecchia. It was annexed to the Roman Empire in the third century aCNel over time was an Arab Emirate and conquered by the Lombards , Byzantines and Saracens. Headquarters of the fleet of the Roman Empire of the East, the old town is organized around the catapan court . Following the stealing of the remains of St. Nicholas and the construction of the basilica dedicated to the saint, Bari became a major center of Christianity, the point of departure and arrival of the Crusaders and bridge of communication with the East. After the rule of the Normans , Angevins , Aragonese and Spanish , the urban evolution of the city began in 1813 outside the historic center with the construction of the new village.
Currently , thanks to the strategic function of the port, the airport and the important complex of the Fiera del Levante , Bari has taken a leading role in relations with the countries bordering the Mediterranean .
Structures of merit, newer than the many monuments of the historic center , include the Teatro Petruzzelli , Teatro Margherita ( under restoration ) , the Teatro Piccinni and Palazzo Fizzarotti . There are numerous rock-hewn churches and tombs carved into the rock. Among them : the cave church of St. Candida, the temple of St. George, the underground and the underground Madia Diana " Jewish ." Among the museums to visit: the Archaeological Museum , the Provincial Art Gallery , the Civic History museum and the Botanical Gardens .
Definitely worthy of note are the historic center , the so-called Bari Vecchia, surrounded by the imposing waterfront Emperor Augustus, and whose heart is the Piazza del Ferrarese button . Very evocative glimpses behind the harbor , including the characteristic Piazza San Pietro , the monastery diSanta School , the buildings Archconfraternity of St. Luke and the Swabian Castle .
Among the most important events we remember the celebrations of St. Nicholas, the patron saint of the city, December 6 and 7 to 9 May , with the Corteo Storico Caravella, and exhibitions organized at the Fiera del Levante , the structure of the thirties.